Malacostraca | Decapoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 20 - 800 m (Ref. 441), usually 200 - 600 m (Ref. 88009). Temperate, preferred 16°C (Ref. 107945); 69°N - 30°N, 25°W - 26°E (Ref. 4)
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 3.2, range 2 - 5.5 cm Max length : 24.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 441); common length : 19.0 cm BL male/unsexed; (Ref. 441)
Total body length: 8 to 24 cm, usually between 10 to 20 cm (Ref. 4). Found in the continental shelf and slope (Ref. 94799). Epibenthic (Ref. 87524). Sedentary (Ref. 94799). Inhabits muddy bottoms in which it digs its burrows. Nocturnal and feeds on detritus, crustaceans and worms (Ref. 4). An active predator or scavenger (Ref. 94757). Another isotope data (δ15N=6.26±0.14, n=3, Ref. 106518). Ovigerous females are found practically throughout the year, the eggs laid around July are carried for about 9 months (Ref. 4). 1 brood per year (Ref. 81133); 1.6 cm postlarval size (Ref. 81161); 1 month of pelagic period (Ref. 81160). Norway lobster females undergo ovary ripening mainly in spring, spawn in summer and autumn, and recovery in winter (Ref. 94749).
Ovigerous females are found practically throughout the year, the eggs laid around July are carried for about 9 months (Ref. 4). 1 brood per year (Ref. 81133); 1.6 cm postlarval size (Ref. 81161); 1 month of pelagic period (Ref. 81160).
Holthuis, L.B. 1991. (Ref. 4)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO(fisheries: production) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 3.3 - 13.7, mean 7.8 (based on 273 cells).
Prior r = 0.52, 95% CL = 0.34 - 0.78, Based on 37 stock assessments.
Low vulnerability (14 of 100)