Malacostraca | Decapoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 90 m (Ref. 8), usually ? - 50 m (Ref. 10). Tropical; 28°C - 30°C (Ref. 110655), preferred 24°C (Ref. 107945); 45°N - 26°S, 32°E - 155°E
Indo-West Pacific. Introduced in Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Tropical to subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 13 - ? cm Max length : 19.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8); 22.5 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 80.00 g (Ref. 116487)
Maximum carapace length: 5.3 cm (male); 6.6 cm (female) (Ref. 8). Occurs at depths from 0 to 90 m in bottom sandy mud and sand marine environment. Temperate to tropical climates (Ref. 8). Known to have Tapes philippinarum as part of its diet in cultured areas (Ref. 108532). Some pond culture studies report it to be an opportunist feeding on insect larvae (Ref. 114823). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.
Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO(Aquaculture: production; fisheries: production) | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 21.8 - 29.1, mean 28 (based on 2134 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)