Malacostraca | Decapoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 150 m (Ref. 435). Tropical, preferred 18°C (Ref. 107945); 46°N - 30°N, 5°W - 36°E
Mediterranean: from Spain, north to Slovenia, and east to Turkey.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 22.0 cm CL male/unsexed; (Ref. 435)
Maximum carapace width: 18.0 cm. Maximum depth from Ref. 114133. Occurs from the sublittoral area (Refs. 435, 106904) to depths of about 90 m (Ref. 106904), on rocky bottoms with algae (Ref. 435). Juveniles are predominantly found in shallow waters with mixed hard-and-soft bottoms. Adults live in deeper areas (Ref. 106904). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.
Fischer, W., G. Bianchi and W.B. Scott (eds.). 1981. (Ref. 435)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO(Aquaculture: production; fisheries: production) | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 8.2 - 20.1, mean 11.1 (based on 752 cells).
Low vulnerability (12 of 100)