Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 0 - 70 m (Ref. 86508). Temperate
Western Pacific, Western Atlantic, Antarctic and the Mediterranean Sea. Temperate and subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Minimum depth from Ref. 116066. Epibenthic, encrusting (Ref. 116066). In Belize, it was found in a submarine cave near Columbus Cay (Ref. 87209). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Gappa, J.L. 2000. (Ref. 1202)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 15.2 - 26.5, mean 23.9 (based on 278 cells).