Ascidiacea | Pleurogona
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 0 - 15 m (Ref. 102224). Tropical
Indo-Pacific and Western Atlantic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 9.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 1754)
Assumed maximum dimension from Ref. 1754. Maximum depth from Ref. 114663. Exclusively inhabits mangrove roots in Bocas del Toro (Ref. 102224). Filter-feeder (Ref. 68823). Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 23.7 - 29.2, mean 27.8 (based on 2896 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)