Ascidiacea | Pleurogona
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 7 - 100 m (Ref. 1733). Tropical
Indo-West Pacific, Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean: Sub Antarctic Region, East South America, Pantropical, throughout the Caribbean. Tropical and subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1754)
Identified as a possible Lessepsian migrant, present at least in Red Sea and eastern Mediterranean (Ref. 85347). Found at depths up to 100 m (Ref. 1134). Occurs in shallow water reefal and littoral habitats (Ref. 1754); on soft sediments and among Thalassia and less common on the peat bank and mangrove roots (Ref. 1758, 86424); and lives on ship hulls (Ref. 2673). Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults.
Monniot, C. 2002. (Ref. 1733)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 21.8 - 28.9, mean 27.3 (based on 1858 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)