Demospongiae | Halichondrida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 1 - 5 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Eastern Central Pacific and Western Central Atlantic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Massive-amorphous to ramose, black to dark green externally, black with yellow tinges internally. Surface varies from smooth, to tuberculate to conulose. Oscules raised above the body: 0.3 - 10 cm wide. Compressible to the touch. Smooth surface, with detachable skin (Ref. 415).
Shallow coastal environments, mangroves and seagrass beds (Ref. 415); reef habitat (Ref. 836). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 23.8 - 28.3, mean 27 (based on 317 cells).