Demospongiae | Halichondrida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 21 - 50 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 2.0 cm H male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Massive encrusting body usually burrowing in the sand from which sharp and corrugated projections arise. Up to 2 cm high and 0.5 cm wide. Orange to yellow externally, slightly lighter internally. Compressible but fragile (Ref. 415).
Minimum depth from Ref. 116509. Growing on deeper areas of the reef over sandy and or muddy bottoms, covered by sediments (Ref. 415). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 24.3 - 28, mean 27.1 (based on 170 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)