Gastropoda | Heterostropha
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 10 - 120 m (Ref. 349), usually 10 - 65 m (Ref. 349). Tropical
Indo-Pacific: from East Africa, including Madagascar, the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, to eastern Polynesia; north to Japan and Hawaii, and south to eastern South Australia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 7.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 721); common length : 5.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 349)
Shell: thin and strong, low spire, breadth more than double the height, whorls are only slightly convex, almost flat, sutures deeply incised; flat base has a fairly wide and deep umbilicus surrounded by a nodular swelling; thin aperture lip is nearly square in shape; sculpture of the body whorl consists of a broad and slightly raised band running below the suture and two narrower and more raised bands at the periphery, with another three on the basal side; all bands are granular as they intersect with the growth lines, which are fairly incised; coloration is light brown on either side of white stripes, following the bands of the sculpture; operculum is horny, dark brown, slightly spiral, roughly central nucleus and with a tubercle on the inner surface. Body: radula is ptenoglossan, without a rachidial tooth and with fourteen pairs of lateral teeth.
Occasional bycatch by shrimp trawlers (Ref. 349). Found on sandy and weedy bottoms (Ref. 799). In general, members of the family Architectonicidae are carnivores (Ref. 67623). Members of the order Heterostropha are mostly simultaneous hermaphrodites (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Heterostropha are mostly simultaneous hermaphrodites.
Springsteen, F.J. and F.M. Leobrera. 1986. (Ref. 821)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 23.4 - 29.1, mean 28 (based on 2818 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)