Biodiversity in Greece (GRC)
 
  FishBase Complete Literature Reference
Species Families Species Families
Marine 809 259 No
Freshwater 8 6 No
Total 832 273 No
Conservation The following information is to be sought: - Status of knowledge of the freshwater fauna; - Existence of conservation plans; - Information on major aquatic habitats or sites within the country; - Current major threats to species; - Future potential threats to species; - Contact(s) for further information.
Geography and Climate Greece is located in Southern Europe, bordering the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey. Area comparatively slightly smaller than Alabama. Total land boundary is 1,210 km, border countries are Albania 282 km, Bulgaria 494 km, Turkey 206 km, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 228 km. Greece has a temperate climate; mild, wet winters; hot, dry summers. Terrain consists mostly of mountains with ranges extending into sea as peninsulas or chains of islands. Elevation extreme has the lowest point in Mediterranean Sea 0 m and highest point in Mount Olympus 2,917 m. Natural resources are bauxite, lignite, magnesite, petroleum, marble. Land use: arable land: 19%, permanent crops: 8%, permanent pastures: 41%, forests and woodland: 20% other: 12% (1993 est.). Irrigated land: 13,140 sq km (1993 est.). Natural hazards are severe earthquakes. Environment—current issues: air pollution; water pollution Geography—note: strategic location dominating the Aegean Sea and southern approach to Turkish Straits; a peninsular country, possessing an archipelago of about 2,000 islands.

Ref.  Anonymous, 1999
Hydrography
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