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References used for species in the Family Grapsidae
( shore, marsh, and talon crabs )
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[ n = 233 ] 
Abele, L.G. and W. Kim, 1986 An illustrated guide to the marine decapod crustaceans of Florida. State of Florida. Department of Environmental Regulation 8(1):i-xvii, 225 p.
Al-Ghais, S.M. and R.T. Cooper, 1996 Brachyura (Grapsidae, Ocypodidae, Portunidae, Xantidae and Leucosiidae) of Umm Al Quwain mangal, United Arab Emirates. Tropical Zoology 9:409-430.
Aldea, C., 2012 Guía representativa de la biodiversidad de los fondos marinos de Magallanes. La Prensa Austral IMPRESOS, 232p.
Allen, G.R. and R. Steene, 1996 Indo-Pacific coral reef field guide. Tropical Reef Research, Singapore, 378 p.
Almeida, A.O., G.B. Souza, G. Boehs and L.E.A. Bezerra, 2010 Shallow-water anomuran and brachyuran crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda) from southern Bahia, Brazil. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research 38(3):329-376.
Alvarez-Leon, R., R.M. Overstreet, S. Sepúlveda-Cárdenas and J.E Álvarez-Barrera, 2003 First report of the association Loxothylacus texanus (Cirripedia: Sacculinidae)- Goniopsis cruentata (Crustacea: Grapsidae) in the Colombian Caribbean. UDC-Rev. Biol. Trop 51(1):265.
Andrade, E.B., T.B. Lima-Junior, J.M.A. Leite-Junior and J.R.S.A. Leite, 2012 Predation by native fish and feeding by crab species on Leptodactylus macrosternum Miranda-Ribeiro, 1926 (Anura: Leptodactylidae) in northeastern, Brazil. Herpetology Notes 5:173-175.
Anosov, S.E., 2000 Keys to the identification of Brachyuran larvae of the Black Sea. Crustaceana 73(10):1239-1246.
Balkis, H., N. Balkis and S. Altinsaçli, 2001 The crab species found on the coasts of Gökçeada (Imbroz) Island in the Aegean Sea. Hydrobiologia 449:99-103.
Barnard, K.H., 1950 Descriptive catalogue of South African decapod Crustacea (crabs and shrimps). Annals of the South African Museum 38:1-837.
Barnard, K.H., 1955 Additions to the fauna-list of Southern African Crustacea and Pycnogonida. Annals of the South African Museum 43:1-107.
Beets, J. and L. Lewand, 1986 Collection of common organisms within the Virgin Islands National Park/Biosphere Reserve. Biosphere Reserve Research Report 3, 45 p.
Bianchi, G., K.E. Carpenter, J.-P. Roux, F.J. Molloy, D. Boyer and H.J. Boyer, 1999 FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. Field guide to the living marine resources of Namibia. Rome, FAO. 265 p., 11 plates.
Bisby, F.A., M.A. Ruggiero, K.L. Wilson, M. Cachuela-Palacio, S.W. Kimani, Y.R. Roskov, A. Soulier-Perkins and J. van Hertum, 2005 Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2005 Annual Checklist. CD-ROM; Species 2000: Reading, U.K.
Bisby, F.A., Y.R. Roskov, T.M. Orrell, D. Nicolson, L.E. Paglinawan, N. Bailly, P.M. Kirk, T. Bourgoin and G. Baillargeon, 2010 Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2010 Annual Checklist. Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
Boletzky, S.V. and R.T. Hanlon, 1983 A review of the laboratory maintenance, rearing and culture of cephalopod molluscs. 44:147-187. In C.F.E. Roper, C.C. Lu and F.G. Hochberg (eds.) Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria: Proceedings of the Workshop on the Biology and Resource Potential of Cephalopods, Melbourne, Australia, 9-13 March, 1981.
Boolootian, R.A., A.C. Giese, A., Farmanfarmaian and J. Tucker, 1959 Reproductive cycles of five west coast crabs. Physiological Zoology 32(4):213-220.
Botelho, E.R.O., C.E.R. Andrade and M.C.F. Santos, 2004 Estudo da população de aratu-do-mangue, Goniopsis cruentata (Latreille, 1803) (Crustacea, Decapoda, Grapsidae) no estuário do rio Camaragibe (Alagoas-Brasil). Boletim Técnico Científico do CEPENE, 12:91-98.
Bouchard, J.-M., J. Poupin, R. Cleva, J. Dumas and V. Dinhut, 2013 Land, mangrove and freshwater decapod crustaceans of Mayotte region (Crustacea Decapoda). Atoll Research Bulletin 592:76p.
Bouillon, S., T. Moens, I. Overmeer, N. Koedam and F. Dehairs, 2004 Resource utilization patterns of epifauna from mangrove forests with contrasting inputs of local versus imported organic matter. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 278:77-88.
Bouvier, E.L., 1915 Decapodes marcheurs (Repantia) et Stomatopodes recueillis a l'ile Maurice par M. Paul Carie. Bull. Scient. Fr. Belg. 3(48):178-318.
Boyko, C.B., 2003 The endemic marine invertebrates of Easter Island: how many species and for how long? In p. 155-175 Loret, J.; Tanacredi, J.T. (eds). 2003. Easter Island Scientific Exploration into the World's Environmental Problems in Microcosm. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York. 240p.
Branch, G.M., C.L. Griffiths, M.L. Branch and L. Beckley, 2005 Two oceans: a guide to marine life in southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town, 360 p.
Branco, J.O., 1990 Aspectos ecológicos dos Brachyura (Crustacea: Decapoda) no manguezal do itacorubi, SC - Brasil. Revista Brasiliera de Zoologia 7(1-2):165-179.
Bright, T. and A. Tilley, 2013 A list of species from Glover's Reef Atoll, Belize. Wildlife Conservation Society.
Cannicci, S., F. Bartolini, F. Dahdouh-Guebas, S. Fratini, C. Litulo, A. Macia, E.J. Mrabu, G. Penha-Lopez and J. Paula, 2009 Effects of urban wastewater on crab and mollusc assemblages in equatorial and subtropical mangroves of east Africa. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 84:305-317.
Cannicci, S., J. Paula and M. Vannini, 1999 Activity pattern and spatial strategy in Pachygrapsus marmoratus (Decapoda: Grapsidae) from Mediterranean and Atlantic shores. Marine Biology 133(3):429-435.
Cannicci, S., M. Gomei, B. Boddi and M. Vannini, 2002 Feeding habits and natural diet of the intertidal crab Pachygrapsus marmoratus: opportunistic browser or selective feeder? Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 54(6):983-1001.
Carpenter, K.E. and N. (eds) De Angelis, 2014 The living marine resources of the Eastern Central Atlantic, Volume 1: Introduction, crustaceans, chitons and cephalopods. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes, Rome, FAO, pp.1-663.
Carpenter, K.E. and V.H. Niem, 1998 FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 1. Seaweeds, corals bivalves and gastropods. Rome, FAO. P. 686.
Carpenter, K.E., F. Krupp, D.A. Jones and U. Zajonz, 1997 FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of Kuwait, Eastern Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. Rome, FAO. 293 p. 17 colour plates.
Castillo, R.V. and I.S. Whertmann, 2008 Stomatopods and decapods from Isla del Coco, Pacific Costa Rica. Rev. Biol. Trop. 56(2):79-97.
Chapman, G. and J.E. Santler, 1955 Aspects of the fauna and flora of the Azores. V. Crustacea. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (ser. 12)18:371-376.
Chilton, C., 1910 The Crustacea of the Kermadec Islands. Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 43:544-573.
Chilton, C., 1928 Contributions for a revision of the Crustacea Brachyura of New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 59:731-778.
Chirichigno, F., 1970 Lista de crustáceos del Perú: decápoda y stomatopoda con datos de su distribución geográfica. Instituto del mar del Peru Informe No. 35. Mary Ciencia IMARPE.
Christofoletti, R.A., V.A. Murakami, D.N. Oliveira, R.E. Barreto and A.A.. Flores, 2010 Foraging by the omnivorous crab Pachygrapsus transversus affects the structure of assemblages on sub-tropical rocky shores. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 420:125-134.
Clores, M.A., 2013 Reproductive characteristics of a brachyuran crab, Grapsus tenuicrustatus (Herbst, 1783) (Decapoda: Grapsidae) found in Talim Bay, Batangas, Philippines. Arthropods 2(3):111-125.
Cobo, V.J. and A. Fransozo, 1998 Relative growth of Goniopsis cruentata (Crustacea, Brachyura, Grapsidae), on the Ubatuba region, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Iheringia Serie Zoologia 84:21-28.
Cobo, V.J. and A. Fransozo, 2005 Physiological maturity and relationships of growth and reproduction in the red mangrove crab Goniopsis cruentata (Latreille) (Brachyura, Grapsidae) on the coast of São Paulo, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 22(1):219-223.
Cobo, V.J. and A. Fransozo, 2000 Fecundity and reproduction period of the red mangrove crab Goniopsis cruentata (Brachyura: Grapsidae), São Paulo state, Brazil. pp. 527-533. In J.C.V.V. Klein & F.R. Schram (Eds.) The Biodiversity Crisis and Crustacea: Proceedings of the Fourth International Crustacean Congress. A.A. Balkema Publishers.
Coelho, P.A., A.O. De Almeida and L.E.A. Bezerra, 2008 Checklist of the marine and estuarine Brachyura (Crustacea: Decapoda) of northern and northeastern Brazil. Zootaxa 1956:1-58.
Costa, T.D.M.M., N.M.D.S.A.V. Álvaro, A.D.S. Rodrigues, A.I.D.M.A. Neto and J.M.V.O.N. Azevedo, 2018 Comparative population biology and reproduction of two sympatric crabs (Grapsidae) on Azores cobble beaches. Invertebrate Reproduction & Development 62(3):169-177.
Crosnier, A., 1965 Crustaces Decapodes. Grapsidae et Ocypodidae. Faune Madagascar 18:1-143.
CRUSTA, 2012 Species from French Polynesia (Marquesas, Society, Austral, Tuamotu, Gambier). [Accessed 21/07/2014].
CRUSTA, 2012 Species from Clipperton. [Accessed 2/2/2016].
CRUSTA, 2012 Species from New Caledonia. [Accessed 2/11/2015].
Dahdouh-Guebas, F., 1994 Kenyan mangrove crabs: feeding ecology and behavioural ecology of some selected species. Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium. M.Sc. thesis.
Dauvin, J.-C., 2009 New record of the marbled crab Pachygrapsus marmoratus (Crustacea: Brachyura: Grapsoidea) on the coast of northern Cotentin, Normandy, western English Channel. Marine Biodiversity Records 2:
de Lira, J.J.P.R. and T.C.S. Calado, 2013 Reproductive aspects and adaptive relative growth of the tropical crab Goniopsis cruentata. Animal Biology 63(4):407-424.
de Melo, G.A.S., 2008 The Brachyura (Decapoda) of Ilha Grande Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Nauplius 16(1):1-22.
de Sá Leitão, M. and C. de Araújo, 2014 The leaping behavior of the sally lightfoot crab Grapsus grapsus (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura) at an oceanic archipelago. Journal of Research in Biology 4(4):1357-1364
de Souza, L.P. and J.R.F. Silva, 2009 Morphology of the female reproductive system of the red-clawed mangrove tree crab (Goniopsis cruentata Latreille, 1803). Scientia Marina 73(3):527-539.
Debelius, H., 2001 Crustacea: Guide of the World. Unterwasserarchiv, IKAN, frankfurt, Germany.
DeFelice, R.C., L.G. Eldredge and J.T. Carlton, 2001 Nonindigenous marine invertebrates. p. B-i-B-60. In Eldredge, G.L. and C.M. Smith. A Guidebook of Marine Species in Hawaii. Bishop Museum Technical Report 21.
del Mundo, C.M., 2000 Philippine decapod crustacea. An illustrated handbook on the commercially important decapod crustacea of the Philippines. Fisheries Resources Evaluation and Environmental Services Division, Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources. Quezon City, Philippines. 83 p.
Deli, T., H. Bahles, K. Said and N. Chatt, 2015 Patterns of genetic and morphometric diversity in the marbled crab (Pachygrapsus marmoratus, Brachyura, Grapsidae) populations across the Tunisian coast. Acta Oceanol. Sin. 34(6):49-58.
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Emmerson, W.D., 2001 Aspects of the population dynamics of Neosarmatium meinerti at Mgazana, a warm temperate mangrove swamp in the East Cape, South Africa, investigated using an indirect method. Advances in Decapod Crustacean Researcn 154:221-229.
Emmerson, W.D., 1994 A note on three uncommon southern African grapsids, Helice leachii Hess, 1865, Sesarma (Sesarma) longipes Krauss, 1843 and Sesarma (Sesarma) smithi H. Milne Edwards, 1853. Crustaceana 67(3):316-323.
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