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Zoothamnium niveum   Ehrenberg, 1838

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Classification Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Oligohymenophorea | Sessilida | Zoothamniidae

Main reference References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Rinke, C., S. Schmitz-Esser, K. Stoecker, A.D. Nussbaumer, D.A. Molna´r, K. Vanura, M. Wagner, M. Horn, J.A. Ott and M. Bright. 2006. (Ref. 87022)

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 1.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 87022); common length : 0.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 87023)

Environment

Benthic; brackish

Climate / Range

Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Western Central Atlantic.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Average length is 0.3 to 0.5 cm (Ref. 87023). The surface of this species is known to be a favorable habitat for sulfide-oxidizing bacteria (Ref. 87023). It inhabits mangrove peat walls in groups of more than 100 colonies, with an estimated group life of approximately 20 days, mainly in areas where microbial surface mat has been destroyed (Ref. 87022). It is found attached to a substrate, particularly in subtidal areas where sulfide sources are present. Large colonies are observed on garbage bags and rotting vegetables found in mangrove ponds. Generally is occupies ephemeral habitats where it is patchily distributed (Ref. 85814). The peritrich ciliate is a filter feeder, and its microzooids possess a fully developed oral ciliature and cytopharynx (Ref. 87023). Members of the phylum Ciliophora reproduce either through conjugation wherein exchange of genes occur or by budding (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless

Human uses


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Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
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Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
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References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Price category (Ref. 80766)