Gymnolaemata | Ctenostomata
Soule, J.D. 1963. (Ref. 874)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; depth range 22 - ? m (Ref. 86508)
Climate / Range
Indo-Pacific, Western Central Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea: California, Gulf of California. Tropical and subtropical.
Depth distribution reported from Colombia (Ref. 86508). Found attached on mangrove roots (Ref. 86536). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models