Demospongiae | Haplosclerida
Environment / Climate / Range
Reef-associated; brackish; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 415). Tropical
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 250 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 99323)
Barrel shaped, with thick walls. Purple to red brown externally, tan internally. Surface with protuberances with round or blade-like outlines. Brittle and crumbly in consistency. Oscules on the inner side of vase; 0.2 - 0.3 cm (Ref. 415).
Maximum depth from Ref. 108813. Common on reef environments (Ref. 415). Also found in mangroves (Ref. 86836). Broadcast spawner (Ref. 99702). Synchronous spawning; eggs scattered on the benthos (Ref. 99702).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models