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Vitreledonella richardi   Joubin, 1918

glass octopod

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Vitreledonella richardi   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Vitreledonella richardi (glass octopod)
Vitreledonella richardi
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Cephalopoda | Octopoda | Vitreledonellidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Bathypelagic; depth range 0 - 1000 m (Ref. 96968).  Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Worldwide except polar waters.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 96968)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in mesobathypelagic waters of tropical and subtropical regions (Ref. 115077). Depth range from near the surface to at least 1,000 m, typically over deep water (beyond the continental shelf) (Ref. 96968). Thought to be found mostly near islands and sea mounts (Ref. 115077). Video sequences from submersibles suggest that the male envelops the female within his webs during mating. Females are thought to brood their eggs within their arm crown (Ref. 96968). Faint and less developed beak could be a sign of soft-bodied prey diet of early stages (Ref. 115077). Members of the class Cephalopoda are gonochoric. Male and female adults usually die shortly after spawning and brooding, respectively. Mating behavior: Males perform various displays to attract potential females for copulation. During copulation, male grasp the female and inserts the hectocotylus into the female's mantle cavity where fertilization usually occurs. Life cycle: Embryos hatch into planktonic stage and live for some time before they grow larger and take up a benthic existence as adults (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Cephalopoda are gonochoric. Male and female adults usually die shortly after spawning and brooding, respectively. Mating behavior: Males perform various displays to attract potential females for copulation. During copulation, male grasp the female and inserts the hectocotylus into the female's mantle cavity where fertilization usually occurs. Life cycle: Embryos hatch into planktonic stage and live for some time before they grow larger and take up a benthic existence as adults.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Turgeon, D.D., J.F. Quinn Jr., A.E. Bogan, E.V. Coan, F.G. Hochberg, W.G. Lyons, P.M. Mikkelsen, R.J. Neves, C.F.E. Roper, G. Rosenberg, B. Roth, A. Scheltema, F.G. Thompson, M. Vecchione and J.D. Willams. 1998. (Ref. 1667)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown