Demospongiae | Verongida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; brackish; depth range 1 - 18 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 3.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Massive-lobate, with membrane-bearing oscula. Yellow, to reddish-brown externally, and bright yellow internally. Surface with ridges: up to 0.5 cm high; that run straight or sinuously, forming angular to honeycomb patterns (Ref. 415).
Common on open reef habitats more than 3 m deep (Ref. 415), and in mangroves (Ref. 86836). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DâÂ¡az, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SâÃnchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdââs. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 26.4 - 28.1, mean 27.4 (based on 545 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)