Demospongiae | Verongida
Environment / Climate / Range
Reef-associated; brackish; depth range 1 - 18 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 3.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Massive-lobate, with membrane-bearing oscula. Yellow, to reddish-brown externally, and bright yellow internally. Surface with ridges: up to 0.5 cm high; that run straight or sinuously, forming angular to honeycomb patterns (Ref. 415).
Common on open reef habitats more than 3 m deep (Ref. 415), and in mangroves (Ref. 86836). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 26.4 - 28.1, mean 27.4 (based on 545 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)