Bivalvia | Veneroida
Fischer, W., G. Bianchi and W.B. Scott (eds.). 1981. (Ref. 437)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 6.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 101486); common length : 5.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 437)
Benthic; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 113236)
Climate / Range
Subtropical; 59°N - 35°S, 18°W - 36°E
Eastern Atlantic, Mediterranean and Western Indian Ocean: from Norway to South Africa and east to Mozambique.
An active suspension feeder (Ref. 96376). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
FAO(Aquaculture: production; | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models