Bivalvia | Veneroida
Fischer, W., G. Bianchi and W.B. Scott (eds.). 1981. (Ref. 437)
Size / Weight / Age
Common length : 4.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 437)
Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 114765)
Climate / Range
Subtropical; 70°N - 35°S, 25°W - 31°E
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea: Norway to South Africa.
Buried in sand, gravel, or mud bottoms (Ref. 114581). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models