Gastropoda | Neogastropoda
Hill, M., R. Baker, G. Broad, P.J. Chandler, G.H. Coop, J. Ellis, D. Jones, C. Hoyland, I. Laing, M. Longshaw, N. Moore, D. Parrott, D. Pearman, C. Preston, R.M. Smith and R. Waters. 2005. (Ref. 1314)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 5.2 cm DL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83435)
Benthic; depth range 0 - 15 m (Ref. 83435)
Climate / Range
Temperate; 46°N - 28°N, 81°E - 64°E (Ref. 83435)
East Pacific and the Mediterranean: North America including Mexico.
From littoral and circalittoral rocks and other hard substrata and littoral and sublittoral sediment (Ref. 1314). Members of the order Neogastropoda are mostly gonochoric and broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktonic trocophore larvae and later into juvenile veligers before becoming fully grown adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models