Gastropoda | Neogastropoda
Environment / Climate / Range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 210 m (Ref. 349). Tropical; 33°N - 30°S, 34°E - 110°W
Indo-Pacific: from East Africa, Sudan, Yemen, India, Maldives, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Cocos (Keeling) and Christmas Islands to Pitcairn, north to Japan and Hawaii, south to Australia, including Socorro Island (Mexico).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 27.5 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 349); common length : 16.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 349)
Commonly collected in many areas, both for its edible flesh and for its shell which has been used as a tool in many of the South Pacific cultures (Ref. 349). Leaves characteristic wide tracks on sand when moving. Occurs at the low tide mark (Ref. 349). Intertidal (Ref. 106792). Found on coarse and fine sand. Usually crawls under the sand surface with the foot buried deeply in the sand (Ref. 106669). Feeds on an enteropneust and polychaete (Ref. 106669). Members of the order Neogastropoda are mostly gonochoric and broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktonic trocophore larvae and later into juvenile veligers before becoming fully grown adults (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Neogastropoda are mostly gonochoric and broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktonic trocophore larvae and later into juvenile veligers before becoming fully grown adults.
Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 349)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 22.5 - 28.5, mean 27.1 (based on 1105 cells; Ref. 115970
Low vulnerability (18 of 100)