Gastropoda | Neogastropoda
Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 349)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 27.5 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 349); common length : 16.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 349)
Benthic; depth range 0 - 210 m (Ref. 349)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 33°N - 30°S, 34°E - 110°W
Indo-Pacific: from East Africa, Sudan, Yemen, India, Maldives, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Cocos (Keeling) and Christmas Islands to Pitcairn, north to Japan and Hawaii, south to Australia, including Socorro Island (Mexico).
Commonly collected in many areas, both for its edible flesh and for its shell which has been used as a tool in many of the South Pacific cultures (Ref. 349). Leaves characteristic wide tracks on sand when moving. Occurs at the low tide mark (Ref. 349). Intertidal (Ref. 106792). Found on coarse and fine sand. Usually crawls under the sand surface with the foot buried deeply in the sand (Ref. 106669). Feeds on an enteropneust and polychaete (Ref. 106669). Members of the order Neogastropoda are mostly gonochoric and broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktonic trocophore larvae and later into juvenile veligers before becoming fully grown adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (18 of 100)