Demospongiae | Poecilosclerida
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 0 - 37 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical; 25°C - 33°C (Ref. 86836)
Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean wide.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Shallow reefs, mangroves, and seagrass beds. Very common in the Caribbean (Ref. 415). Commensal with amphipods (Ref. 82302, 86735). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Massive amorphous to lobate, with smooth, to tuberculate surface. Bright red or orange red. Oscules: 1 - 2 cm wide on top of lobes. Soft, compressible, easily torn (Ref. 415).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models
): 23.7 - 28.1, mean 27.1 (based on 647 cells; Ref. 115970