Demospongiae | Poecilosclerida
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; brackish; depth range 0 - 37 m (Ref. 108813)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 25°C - 33°C (Ref. 86836)
Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean wide.
Massive amorphous to lobate, with smooth, to tuberculate surface. Bright red or orange red. Oscules: 1 - 2 cm wide on top of lobes. Soft, compressible, easily torn (Ref. 415).
Shallow reefs, mangroves, and seagrass beds. Very common in the Caribbean (Ref. 415). Commensal with amphipods (Ref. 82302, 86735). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models