Merostomata | Xiphosura
Environment / Climate / Range
Benthopelagic; brackish. Tropical; 23°N - 11°S, 95°E - 129°E
Indo-Pacific: India, Hong Kong, Singapore and Indonesia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Benthic feeder which mainly consumes molluscs, decayed organic matter and polychaetes (Ref. 74). It is usually found in mangrove swamps (Ref. 70), sandy beaches and muddy bottoms from the tide-line to depths during highest high tide (Ref. 74).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lee, C.N. and B. Morton. 2005. (Ref. 1131)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models