Demospongiae | Astrophorida
Engel, S. and J.R. Pawlik. 2005. (Ref. 837)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 9 - 15 m (Ref. 108813)
Climate / Range
Western Atlantic: USA, Belize and Brazil.
Large, thick inverted cones. Furrows present in the inner surface with scattered holes in the outer surface. Very hard and tough consistency.
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models