Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomata
Morri, C., C.N. Bianchi, S. Cocito, A. Peirano, A.M. De Biase, S. Aliani, M. Pansini, M. Boyer, F. Ferdeghini, M Pestarino and P. Dando. 1999. (Ref. 2672)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; depth range 18 - 44 m (Ref. 2672)
Climate / Range
Western Indian Ocean, Western Central Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea. Introduced to Hawaii.
Minimum depth dsitribution reported from Colombia (Ref. 86508). Epibiotic on algae (Ref. 108070). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models