Gastropoda | Neogastropoda
IUCN. 2006. (Ref. 7800)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 20.5 cm DL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83435)
Benthic; depth range 100 - 800 m (Ref. 83435)
Climate / Range
Deep-water; 49°N - 41°S, 59°W - 179°E (Ref. 106831)
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean.
Maximum depth from Ref. 106831. Outer shelf-upper bathyal species (Ref. 106069). Found on hard bottom (Ref. 106069) and exposed sandy beach (Ref. 84279). Ranellinae are generalist predators, feeding on echinoderms, ascidians and polychaetes (Ref. 87385) Members of the order Neogastropoda are mostly gonochoric and broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktonic trocophore larvae and later into juvenile veligers before becoming fully grown adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models