Bivalvia | Veneroida
Environment / Climate / Range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 348), usually 0 - 20 m (Ref. 75831). Tropical
Indo-Pacific: from East Africa, including Madagascar and the Red Sea, to eastern Polynesia; north to Japan and Hawaii, and south to Queensland.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 6.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348); common length : 5.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348)
Found in intertidal areas in coarse sand and coral fragments (Ref. 75831). Also inhabits silty and gravely sands in the upper intertidal, where it is usually buried at 20 to 30 cm in depth (Ref. 65033). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Bisby, F.A., M.A. Ruggiero, K.L. Wilson, M. Cachuela-Palacio, S.W. Kimani, Y.R. Roskov, A. Soulier-Perkins and J. van Hertum. 2005. (Ref. 19)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 24.6 - 29.1, mean 28 (based on 1238 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)