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Panulirus polyphagus   (Herbst, 1793)

mud spiny lobster

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Panulirus polyphagus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Panulirus polyphagus (mud spiny lobster)
Picture by FAO

Classification Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Malacostraca | Decapoda | Palinuridae

Main reference References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Holthuis, L.B. 1991. (Ref. 4)

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4)


Benthic; brackish; depth range 3 - 90 m (Ref. 4)

Climate / Range

Tropical; 26°N - 14°S, 64°E - 145°E (Ref. 107402)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-West Pacific: from the coasts of Pakistan and India to Vietnam, the Philippines, Indonesia, Northwest Australia and the Gulf of Papua.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

It has lengths of 40 cm, maximum total body length; 20 to 25 cm, common length. Occurs at a depth range from 3 to 90 m, but usually less than 40 m (Ref. 4). It is found on muddy substrates and sometimes on rocky bottoms near river mouths in turbid water (Ref. 4). Lives mainly at river-influenced shelf in shallow, turbid water with moderate run-off (Ref. 105109). In general, palinurids are mainly considered carnivores, usually feeding upon sluggish, easily captured animals where most material is eaten alive or freshly killed (Ref. 105260). Individuals reared in captivity fed on a natural diet of gastropods, clams, crabs, squids and fish (Ref. 105110). Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833). Major spawning occurs in January and September, minor peaks were observed in March and June, occasional spawning were observed in April, May, August and October to December, least spawning occurs in February and July (Ref. 106340).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Aquaculture: production; | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

FAO areas
Food items
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high