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Panulirus interruptus   (Randall, 1840)

California spiny lobster

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Panulirus interruptus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Malacostraca | Decapoda | Palinuridae

Environment / Climate / Range

Benthic; depth range 0 - 140 m (Ref. 94065).  Subtropical; 35°N - 23°N, 121°W - 110°W (Ref. 108741)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Eastern Central Pacific: from San Luis Obispo Bay, California, USA, to Magdalena Bay, west coast of Baja California Sur, and along the west coast of the Gulf of California, to Carmen Island, Baja California Sur, Mexico.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

The Red Rock Lobster, Baja California, Mexico fishery of this species has been certified by the Marine Stewardship Council (http://www.msc.org/) as well-managed and sustainable (http://www.msc.org/html/content_1102.htm). Maximum depth from Ref. 104451. From the littoral zones (tidepools) to depths of about 65 m, being more frequent in deeper waters with rocky substrates (Ref. 4). Juveniles are abundant on exposed or semi-protected rock reefs densely covered with sea grasses and bushy algae (Ref. 104485). Surf grass Phyllospadix spp. may provide nursery habitat for them (Refs. 104485, 104486). They primarily feed on crustaceans, mollusks and vegetal material (Ref. 104103). Adults consume algae, seagrasses, annelids, arthropods, mollusks, echinoderms, and bryozoans (Ref. 104485). Spawning is from May to August (Ref. 4).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Spawning is from May to August (Ref. 4).

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Holthuis, L.B. 1991. (Ref. 4)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
| FisheriesWiki |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 14.8 - 22.3, mean 18.4 (based on 12 cells; Ref. 115970).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high