Malacostraca | Decapoda
Holthuis, L.B. 1991. (Ref. 4)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4)
Benthic; depth range 0 - 140 m (Ref. 94065)
Climate / Range
Subtropical; 35°N - 23°N, 121°W - 110°W (Ref. 108741)
Eastern Central Pacific: from San Luis Obispo Bay, California, USA, to Magdalena Bay, west coast of Baja California Sur, and along the west coast of the Gulf of California, to Carmen Island, Baja California Sur, Mexico.
The Red Rock Lobster, Baja California, Mexico fishery of this species has been certified by the Marine Stewardship Council (http://www.msc.org/) as well-managed and sustainable (http://www.msc.org/html/content_1102.htm). Maximum depth from Ref. 104451. From the littoral zones (tidepools) to depths of about 65 m, being more frequent in deeper waters with rocky substrates (Ref. 4). Juveniles are abundant on exposed or semi-protected rock reefs densely covered with sea grasses and bushy algae (Ref. 104485). Surf grass Phyllospadix spp. may provide nursery habitat for them (Refs. 104485, 104486). They primarily feed on crustaceans, mollusks and vegetal material (Ref. 104103). Adults consume algae, seagrasses, annelids, arthropods, mollusks, echinoderms, and bryozoans (Ref. 104485). Spawning is from May to August (Ref. 4).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100)