Pycnogonida | Pantopoda
Bamber, R.N. 2002. (Ref. 1847)
Size / Weight / Age
Pelagic; depth range 312 - 1520 m (Ref. 140)
Climate / Range
Indo-West Pacific, Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean: Melanesia, pan oceanic.
Male unknown. Female: Trunk compact, fully segmented, glabrous; lateral processes separated by half their diameters or less, only little longer than their width. Cephalic segment very broad anteriorly at chelifore insertion; ocular tubercle low, rounded; eyes prominent. Proboscis very broad, short, swollen distally, with many short distal setae. Abdomen long, carried horizontally. Chelifores very large; scapes 2-segmented; chelae large; palms short; fingers very long, carried anaxially on palms, without teeth. Palp buds oval, I-segmented. Oviger short; fourth segment very inflated; terminal six segments each shorter than last, with very few setae. Legs long, slender; major segments subequal; tibiae with many very long setae, several shorter dorsal setae; propodus short; soles of tarsus and propodus tomentose, individual setae very tiny; claw long, well curved; auxiliaries lacking (Ref. 2115, p. 67-69).
Depth based on occurrence (Ref. 1797); to be replaced with better reference. Pelagic (Ref. 91956). Members of the class Pycnogonida are gonochoric and sexually dimorphic. During copulation, male usually suspends itself beneath the female. Fertilization occurs as the eggs leave the female's ovigers. Males brood the egg masses until they hatch. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into protonymphon larva then to adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models