Pycnogonida | Pantopoda
Child, C.A. 1994. (Ref. 2157)
Size / Weight / Age
Demersal; depth range 1228 - 4100 m (Ref. 2157)
Climate / Range
Antarctic Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic Oceans: Bering Sea.
Trunk segmentation lines with distinctive mid-dorsal point directed anteriorly and not raised above curved surface of dorsum. Second scape segments not as long as first and leg tibiae bear long lateral setae as with Pallenopsis comosa. This species notably fewer sole spines than Pallenopsis comosa but it bears two long heel spines. Lateral processes with several short dorsal spines which are inconspicuous (Ref. 2157, p. 4).
Bathyal (Ref. 19). Members of the class Pycnogonida are gonochoric and sexually dimorphic. During copulation, male usually suspends itself beneath the female. Fertilization occurs as the eggs leave the female's ovigers. Males brood the egg masses until they hatch. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into protonymphon larva then to adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models