Pycnogonida | Pantopoda
Stock, J.H. 1964. (Ref. 1940)
Size / Weight / Age
Benthic; depth range 0 - 1830 m (Ref. 1797)
Climate / Range
Northeast Atlantic and Western Central Pacific: New Caledonia, Solomon Island, Melanesia and Pan Oceanic.
Members of the class Pycnogonida are gonochoric and sexually dimorphic. During copulation, male usually suspends itself beneath the female. Fertilization occurs as the eggs leave the female's ovigers. Males brood the egg masses until they hatch. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into protonymphon larva then to adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models