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Pallenopsis californica   Schimkewitsch, 1893


Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pallenopsis californica   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Pycnogonida | Pantopoda | Phoxichilidiidae

Environment / Climate / Range

Demersal; depth range 1510 - 3358 m (Ref. 9).  Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-Pacific.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 1.9 cm LS male/unsexed; (Ref. 9)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Members of the class Pycnogonida are gonochoric and sexually dimorphic. During copulation, male usually suspends itself beneath the female. Fertilization occurs as the eggs leave the female's ovigers. Males brood the egg masses until they hatch. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into protonymphon larva then to adults (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Pycnogonida are gonochoric and sexually dimorphic. During copulation, male usually suspends itself beneath the female. Fertilization occurs as the eggs leave the female's ovigers. Males brood the egg masses until they hatch. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into protonymphon larva then to adults.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Child, C.A. 1998. (Ref. 9)

Short description Morphology

Leg span about 1.9 cm. Trunk and lateral processes robust. Neck widened just anterior to first lateral processes, palp buds visible in dorsal view. Ocular tubercle at anterior rim of cephalic segment; low, rounded eyes not prominent, sometimes difficult to see. Proboscis long, slightly swollen and wider at midpoint than distally. Abdomen very long, slender. Chelifores long, scapes 2 segmented, second segment with few long setae. Chelae large, palm little longer than wide, fingers very long, at slight angle to palm, immovable finger with few short setae at base, neither with teeth. Oviger second, fourth and fifth segments almost equal in length, strigilis with many setae longer than their segments. Legs moderately long, major segments with many long setae longer than segment diameters, second tibiae the longest segments. Tarsus very short, with one long slender sole spine, several sole setae. Propodus very short, not curved, heel armed with single huge broad spine, one smaller distal spine, and several tiny sole spines. Claw very long, about the length of propodus, auxiliaries tiny, slightly longer than claw basal diameter. Ventral cement gland tube short, about half femoral diameter (Ref. 9).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 1.9 - 4, mean 2.6 (based on 491 cells; Ref. 115970).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown