Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment / Climate / Range
Indo-Pacific, Southern Atlantic and Antarctic. Subtropical to polar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 27.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 84934); max. published weight: 156.40 g (Ref. 356)
Culmen: 2.69 cm; tarsus: 3.41 cm; wing: 18.65 cm.
Known threats are krill harvesting, introduced mammalian predators and plastic ingestion (Ref. 84934). Surface seizing and plunging; dipping; open-water (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Southern Ocean Mollusc Database (SOMBASE). 2011. (Ref. 87340)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models