Bivalvia | Ostreoida
Häussermann, V. and G. Försterra. 2009. (Ref. 87801)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. )
Benthic; depth range 0 - 550 m (Ref. 106914)
Climate / Range
Subtropical, preferred 24°C (Ref. 107945); 34°S - 47°S, 166°E - 72°W (Ref. 111844)
South Pacific Ocean: New Zealand and Chile. Introduced in the Atlantic: Wales, UK and France. Subtropical to temperate.
Minimum depth range from Ref. 356. Found in nearshore waters and in shallow subtidal zone (Ref. 106914). This is an epifaunal species found on soft sandy and muddy bottoms, as well as hard substrates. It is a brooding species where females retain the larvae until they are completely developed (Ref. 87801). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
FAO(Aquaculture: production; fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)