Holothuroidea | Apodida
Hartati, S.T., I.S. Wahyuni and U.N. Badri. 2050. (Ref. 75656)
Size / Weight / Age
Benthic; depth range 15 - 30 m (Ref. 81020)
Climate / Range
Indo-West Pacific: New Caledonia and Indonesia.
Members of the class Holothuroidea are gonochoric and have only one gonad. Spawning and fertilization are both external and some exhibit brooding. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (auricularia) then into doliolaria (barrel-shaped stage) which later metamorphose into juvenile sea cucumbers (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models