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Onychoteuthis banksii   (Leach, 1817)

hooked squid

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Onychoteuthis banksii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Onychoteuthis banksii (hooked squid)
Picture by FAO

Classification Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Cephalopoda | Teuthida | Onychoteuthidae

Main reference References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Roper, C.F.E., M.J. Sweeney and C.E. Nauen. 1984. (Ref. 275)

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 37.0 cm ML male/unsexed; (Ref. 97142)


Pelagic; depth range 0 - 800 m (Ref. 275)

Climate / Range

Tropical; 68°N - 44°S, 180°W - 180°E (Ref. 97142)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Circumglobal in warm and temperate oceanic waters.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Also caught using jigs (Ref. 417) and dip nets (Ref. 275). Medium-sized squid; mantle length up to 300 mm (370 mm only in the northern Pacific Ocean, Nesis 1982, 1987) (Ref. 97142). Oceanic, eurythermal, meso- and epipelagic species that occurs from the surface to 150 m depth and as deep as 4, 000 m. A schooling species frequently observed "flying" above the surface to escape predators in pursuit. Very dense muscular structure and high respiration rates confirm it is a fast-swimming, slow-growing species. Paralarvae are abundant in the eastern Atlantic Ocean, particularly from January to March. Spent females have severely degenerated muscular tissue of head, mantle, fins, as well as missing tentacles, so that they appear almost gelatinous. Prey consists of fishes and squids. Predators include giant red shrimp, fishes, e.g. albacore, yellowfin tuna, lancetfish, swordfish, tiger shark, smooth hammerhead shark, spinner, Frasier’s striped and Risso’s dolphins, toothed whales and fur seals (Ref. 97142). Males mature earlier than females; synchronous oocyte development with high fecundity, i.e., more or less 200,000 eggs (Ref. 97142).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: of potential interest
| FisheriesWiki |

More information

Common names
Egg development
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (20 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)