Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment / Climate / Range
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 38.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 140.00 g (Ref. 356)
Wing: 28.0 cm.
Total Length: 35 to 38 cm; Wingspan: 73 to 76 cm (Ref. 8812). Found along the coast and continental shelf (Ref. 356). Exclusively marine. Breeds singly or in loose colonies, typically along cliffs (Ref. 91362). Breeding colonies may be found on tropical islands, along beaches and low sea cliffs. Heavily preyed on by rats (Ref. 84934). Exhibits dipping behavior (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 23.5 - 28.9, mean 26.2 (based on 33 cells).
Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100)