Appendicularia | Copelata
Environment / Climate / Range
Pelagic; depth range 0 - 1000 m (Ref. 115908). Temperate
Atlantic Ocean and the Antarctic: South Orkney, South Georgia, Antarctica, and Europe.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Depth range is 0 to 50 meters in open water, and 50 to 1000 meters in pack ice (Ref. 115908). Members of the class Appendicularia are protandrous hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Eggs develop into hatchlings (feeding juveniles) before turning into adults (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Appendicularia are protandrous hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Eggs develop into hatchlings (feeding juveniles) before turning into adults.
Capitanio, F.L., M.C. Daponte and G.B. Esnal. 2003. (Ref. 3532)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models