Holothuroidea | Apodida
Thandar, A.S. and F.W.E. Rowe. 1989. (Ref. 566)
Size / Weight / Age
Demersal; depth range 16 - 80 m (Ref. 566)
Climate / Range
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
Southeast Atlantic and Western Indian Ocean: South Africa.
Prefers khaki sand (Ref. 566). Members of the class Holothuroidea are gonochoric and have only one gonad. Spawning and fertilization are both external and some exhibit brooding. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (auricularia) then into doliolaria (barrel-shaped stage) which later metamorphose into juvenile sea cucumbers (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models