Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Waller, R.G. and P.A. Tyler. 2005. (Ref. 810)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 847)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 34°N - 8°N, 92°W - 58°W (Ref. 847)
Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean Sea.
Colonies may be zooxanthellate or azooxanthellate depending on light availability. Azooxanthellate colonies form extensive banks while zooxanthellate colonies form clumps of tapered fused branches less than 0.5 meters across. Corallites are exsert with septa in three cycles.
Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models