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Octopus vulgaris   Cuvier, 1797

common octopus

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Octopus vulgaris   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Octopus vulgaris (common octopus)
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Classification Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Cephalopoda | Octopoda | Octopodidae | Octopodinae

Main reference References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Roper, C.F.E., M.J. Sweeney and C.E. Nauen. 1984. (Ref. 275)

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 24.9 cm CL male/unsexed; (Ref. 275); 120 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 10.0 kg (Ref. 275)


Reef-associated; oceanodromous (Ref. 75927); depth range 0 - 200 m (Ref. 417), usually 0 - 100 m (Ref. 1977)

Climate / Range

Tropical; ? - 7°C (Ref. 275); 57°N - 38°S, 98°W - 146°E (Ref. 275)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Circumglobal in temperate and tropical seas.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Mantle length at first sexual maturity: 9.5 cm (male); 13.5 cm (female; Ref. 275). Maximum common depth is 150 m in Ref. 75927. Maximum length for male/unsexed from Ref. 114257. Inhabits rocky, sandy and muddy bottoms of the coastline to the edge of the continental shelf (Ref. 2133). Found in intertidal and subtidal areas (Ref. 83938). Members of the class Cephalopoda are gonochoric. Male and female adults usually die shortly after spawning and brooding, respectively. Mating behavior: Males perform various displays to attract potential females for copulation. During copulation, male grasp the female and inserts the hectocotylus into the female's mantle cavity where fertilization usually occurs. Life cycle: Embryos hatch into planktonic stage and live for some time before they grow larger and take up a benthic existence as adults (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)


CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

FAO areas
Food items

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Very high vulnerability (78 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high