Pycnogonida | Pantopoda
León, T.M. 2001. (Ref. 1669)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 3.8 cm LS male/unsexed; (Ref. 156)
Demersal; depth range 220 - 749 m (Ref. 156)
Climate / Range
Antarctic Atlantic and Pacific: South Shetland, South Orkney Islands and Antarctica.
Members of the class Pycnogonida are gonochoric and sexually dimorphic. During copulation, male usually suspends itself beneath the female. Fertilization occurs as the eggs leave the female's ovigers. Males brood the egg masses until they hatch. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into protonymphon larva then to adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)