Pycnogonida | Pantopoda
de Kluijver, M.J. and S.S. Ingalsuo. 2005. (Ref. 256)
Size / Weight / Age
Benthic; depth range 0 - 60 m (Ref. 256)
Climate / Range
Northern Atlantic and Arctic Ocean.
Littoral and sublittoral (Ref. 224). Found on sandbanks and muddy bottoms (Ref. 96352). Feeding on host: Laomedea angulata (growing on Flustra foliacea) (Ref. 224). A carnivore-scavenger (Ref. 96352). Members of the class Pycnogonida are gonochoric and sexually dimorphic. During copulation, male usually suspends itself beneath the female. Fertilization occurs as the eggs leave the female's ovigers. Males brood the egg masses until they hatch. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into protonymphon larva then to adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models