Pycnogonida | Pantopoda
King, P.E. 1973. (Ref. 12)
Size / Weight / Age
Demersal; depth range 0 - 100 m (Ref. 256)
Climate / Range
Northwest Pacific, Northern Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean: Alaska, Greenland, UK England Wales and USA.
Trunk glabrous, lateral processes separated by intervals equal to diameters, about 1.5 times longer than diameters. Neck moderately long, ocular tubercle wider than tall, eyes large. Proboscis a cylinder tapering distally. Abdomen short, not as long as fourth lateral processes.
Chelifore scapes as long as proboscis, palm rectangular, with many ventral setae, fingers shorter, slender, carried at acute angle, armed with many tiny teeth. Palp second and third segments subequal, fourth very short, fifth about as long as third, distal 2 segments with many short setae. Oviger terminal claw with many tiny teeth. Legs long, slender, tarsus about 1.5 times longer than slender propodus, both with tiny sole spines. Claw slender, slightly less than half propodus length, auxiliaries less than 0.3 main claw length (Ref. 2153, p. 23).
Shelf (Ref. 19). Sublittoral (Ref. 256). Members of the class Pycnogonida are gonochoric and sexually dimorphic. During copulation, male usually suspends itself beneath the female. Fertilization occurs as the eggs leave the female's ovigers. Males brood the egg masses until they hatch. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into protonymphon larva then to adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models