Pycnogonida | Pantopoda
Child, C.A. 1998. (Ref. 9)
Size / Weight / Age
Demersal; depth range 731 - 3246 m (Ref. 9)
Climate / Range
Southwest Pacific and Antarctic Atlantic: New Zealand, South Sandwich Islands and South Orkney Islands.
Member of the Nymphon australe group but with a more slender trunk, lateral processes more separated than usual, and with very few long or short setae. Ocular tubercle a low blind bump. Chelifores slender with few short setae. Chelae fingers very slender, with 40 - 48 closely spaced teeth on each finger. Palp distal segments longer than proximal segments. Oviger fifth and sixth segments typically inflated. Legs only slightly setose, tarsus twice length of Propodus, claw long, auxiliaries lacking (Ref. 9).
Members of the class Pycnogonida are gonochoric and sexually dimorphic. During copulation, male usually suspends itself beneath the female. Fertilization occurs as the eggs leave the female's ovigers. Males brood the egg masses until they hatch. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into protonymphon larva then to adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models