Pycnogonida | Pantopoda
Child, C.A. 1992. (Ref. 2115)
Size / Weight / Age
Climate / Range
Western Central Atlantic: Suriname and USA.
Trunk and neck short; ocular tubercle wider than long; eyes very large. Proboscis inflated proximally, forming truncate cone distally in lateral view. Chelifore palms ovoid; fingers as long as palm, armed with 9 or 10 slender, simple teeth. Palp second segment longer than third. Oviger fourth segment with distal fringe of setae. Tarsus short, less than 0.3 length of propodus; claw shorter than auxiliary claws (Ref. 2115, p. 70).
Coastal to shelf (Ref. 19); littoral (Ref. 2115). Members of the class Pycnogonida are gonochoric and sexually dimorphic. During copulation, male usually suspends itself beneath the female. Fertilization occurs as the eggs leave the female's ovigers. Males brood the egg masses until they hatch. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into protonymphon larva then to adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models