Gymnolaemata | Ctenostomata
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; depth range 0 - ? m (Ref. 116066). Tropical
Pacific Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea: Kermadec Island; Gulf of California. Tropical and subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Epibenthic, encrusting (Ref. 116066). Found in cool temperate to tropical waters (Ref. 874). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Soule, J.D. 1963. (Ref. 874)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimates of some properties based on models