Demospongiae | Haplosclerida
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 2.0 cm BRW male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Reef-associated; brackish; depth range 0 - 100 m (Ref. 101942)
Climate / Range
Western Atlantic and Western Central Pacific.
Ramose to massive-encrusting. Branches: 1 - 2 cm wide. Light grayish, pink or purple, externally, lighter internally. Surface from smooth to extremely spiny, with or without zooanthids. Oscules: 0.2 - 0.7 cm in diameter. Spongy but tough in consistency (Ref. 415).
At Bocas, common both in the reef and in the mangroves (Ref. 415). Commensal with amphipods (Ref. 82302, 86735). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)