Demospongiae | Dictyoceratida
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 1 - 15 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 6.0 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Thick crusts: 2 - 6 cm in thickness, with compound oscules, 0.3 - 0.6 cm in diameter on top of low mounds. Grayish-blue externally, lighter to tan internally. Surface punctuated with or without white zooanthids Parazoanthus sp. Hard-compressible in consistency (Ref. 415).
Maximum body thickness: 6 cm (Ref. 415). Found in mangroves (Ref. 86836). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 27 - 28.5, mean 27.7 (based on 101 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)