Demospongiae | Haplosclerida
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 78.0 cm H male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Reef-associated; depth range 2 - 30 m (Ref. 415)
Climate / Range
Central Atlantic: Panama, Canary Islands and Colombia.
Cylindrical tubes: 4 - 78 cm high, 2 - 13 cm wide; emerge from basal mass. Dark reddish-brown externally, tan internally. Hard and dense. Smooth to the touch, with rugose and uneven parts, Sometimes covered by zooanthids. Oscules on the inner wall of tubes; 0.06 - 0.34 cm wide (Ref. 415).
On coral outcrops, and reef environments (Ref. 415). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100)